parama śivendra karāmbuja sambhūtāya praṇamṛ varadāya | padadhūta paṅkajāya praṇatiṃ kurmaḥ sadāśivendrāya ||
Shri Sadashiva Brahmendral was a saint, composer of Carnatic music and Advaita philosopher who lived near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, during the 18th century. Two events changed the very contours and course of Sadashiva Brahmendra’s life completely: the first transformed him from a brahmachari on the threshold of grihasthaashram dharma into a sanyasi and the second from a sanyasi into a maunamuni (silent sage), an epitome of the Dakshinamoorthy-Swaroopa.
Many families had their wishes fulfilled just by the proximity of Sadashiva in his wanderings. Once the Muslim King seeing him wandering naked near his harem and mistaking him for a drunk ordered his hand to be cut off but Sadashiva, unaware of the fallen arm, the bloody stump, or the flowing blood, kept walking. The King realised his mistake and ran after Sadashiva with the severed hand. Sadashiva gesticulated to him to place the severed hand in its appropriate spot. To the amazement of the King, the severed hand fixed itself without any problem whatsoever, and Sadashiva walked on! For Sadashiva, none of this mattered. He remained until the end a wandering Avadhuta. He attained jeeva samadhi in Nerur (Karur district of Tamil Nadu) in the year 1755. There are reports of people having seen him enter into jeeva samadhi simultaneously at 5 places, symbolising the dissipation of the physical body into the panchabhutas — the other four being Manamadurai, Puri, Kashi and Karachi. Of these, it is only the Nerur Adhishtanam that remains popular and worshipped today apart from the small Shiva temple at Manamadurai.
His Keertanas are very popular and used in Bhajans include: Maanasa Sanchara Re (Sama), Sarvam Brahmamayam ( Chenchurutti), Khelati Brahmande ( Jhonpuri), Khelati Mama Hridaye (Atthana), Smara Vaaram (Sindhubhairavi), Bhaja Re Gopalam (Pantuvaraali), Piba Re Ramarasam ( Akhir Bhairav) etc.
His major works include:
1. Bahmasūtravṛtti / Brahmatattvaprakāśikā
2. Yogasudhākara, a commentary on Patañjali Yoga Sūtras
8. Dakshinamurtty Dhyanam