Sing the Pundareekams, preceding Shlokams and Ashtapadhis. Where Purna Ashtapadhi is not done, choose any Ashtapadhi and the 22nd Ashtapadhi as this is the Kalyana song.
Ashtapadhis compiled so far
- 1. Pundareekam + Pralayapayodijale – Raga Sowrashtram
- 2. Shrutha Kamala – Bhairavi
- 3. Lalitha Lavanga – Usaini / Vasantha
- 4. Chandana Charcharitha– Pantuvarali
- 5. Sanchara – Thodi
- 6. Nibhrutha Nikunja – Kambhoji
- 7. Maamiyam Chalita – Bhupalam
- 8. Nindathi chandanam – Sowrashtram (also Dwijavanthi)
- 9. Sthanavini – Bilahari
- 10. Vahathi – Anandabhairavi
- 11. Rathi sukha – Kedaragowla
- 12. Pashyathi Dishi Dishi Naatha hare – Dheerasankarabharanam
- 13. Kathithasamaye – Ahiri
- 14. Smarasamaro – Saranga
- 15. Samudhita – Saveri
- 16. Anilatarala – Punnagavarali
- 17. Rajanijanitha – Arabhi
- 18. Harirabhi – Yadukulakamboji
- 19. Vadasiyadi – Mukhari
- 20. Virachita – Kalyani
- 21. Manjutara – Ghanta
- 22. Radha vadana (Kalyana Ashtapadhi) – Raga Madhyamavati
- 23. Kisalayashayana – Nadhanamakriya
- 24. Kuruyadu – Suruti / Chakravaham
Bhakta Kavi Jayadeva Goswami, was a renowned Sanskrit poet during the 12th century. He is most known for his epic composition Gita Govinda which vividly describes Shri Krishna’s love for Gopikas in general and for Radha in particular. The Gita Govindam is organized into twelve chapters with each chapter further sub-divided into 24 divisions called Prabandhas. The Prabandhas contain couplets grouped into eights, called Ashtapadis.
The poems Shri Krishna’s yearning for Radha and is considered an important part of the Bhakti movement. The poems also elaborate the eight moods of the Heroine, the Ashta Nayika, which have been an inspiration for many compositions and choreographic works in Indian classical dances. Sri Jayadeva’s Ashtapadi reveals the true
essence of Love between Radha and Shri Krishna. Sri Gita Govinda Mahakavyam declares the beautiful blend and unison of Jivātmā with Paramātmā. The twelve chapters of Gita Govinda vividly describe the different facets of Shri Krishna:
- Sāmodadāmodaram (Exuberant Krishna)
- Akleshakeshavam (Blithesome Krishna)
- Mugdhamadhusūdanam (Winsome Krishna)
- Snigdhamadhusūdanam (Tender Krishna)
- Sākāṅkṣa puṇdarīkākṣham (Passionate Krishna)
- Dhrṣta vaikuṇṭa (Audacious Krishna)
- NāgaranārāyanaH (Dexterous Krishna)
- VilakṣyalakṣmīpatiH (Apologetic Krishna)
- Mugdhadamukunda (Unpretentious Krishna)
- ChaturachaturbhujaH (Tactful Krishna)
- Sānandadāmodaram (Joyful Krishna)
- SuprītapītāmbaraH (Exultant Krishna)
Jayadeva was born to Kamalabai and Narayana Sastri, a very pious Brahmin couple. Kamalabai was very devout and longed for a child. She prayed to the Lord to be blessed with a child. One night, Lord Krishna appeared in Sastri’s dream and told him that his wife’s prayer would be fulfilled and they would soon be blessed with an illustrious son. Soon, Kamalabai gave birth to Jayadeva. Jayadeva’s Life Jayadeva was very devoted to Shri Krishna from his childhood and learnt the scriptures at a very young age. He was incessantly lost in prayers of Shri Krishna. His parents left for Vanaprastha after sometime and Jayadeva led a nomadic life. One day, he had a divine visualization and went into an ecstatic state. In his divine vision, he saw the Yamuna River flowing through four Blue Mountains. Beside the river bank, under a tree, Lord Shri Krishna was playing his flute delightfully. The vision of Krishna and His music enthralled Jayadeva so much that he composed a Shloka extempore. This gave birth to the famous epic, ‘Gita Govinda’, validating the words ‘Poetry is a spontaneous overlow of powerful feelings and emotions’.
Shri Jayadeva takes the pride of place in every Sampradaya Bhajan in view of the importance of his Gita Govinda Kavya which either in full or in parts occupies a central place in every Bhajan or Utsavam.
Jayadeva was born in 1175 AD in a Brahmin family in Kenduli Sasan in the Prachi valley, Khurda district in Orissa. Kenduli Sasan is a village near the famous temple city of Puri Jayadeva was born to Kamalabai and Narayana Sastri, a very pious Brahmin couple after Lord Krishna appeared in Sastri’s dream and promised him a great son. Jayadeva was very devoted to Shri Krishna from his childhood and learnt the scriptures at a very young age. He was incessantly lost in prayers of Shri Krishna. His parents left for Vanaprastha
after sometime and Jayadeva led a nomadic life.
example to the world that God realisation can be had even as a Grihastha.
Jayadeva’s house. Jayadeva attained the Lotus feet of Lord Shri Krishna in 1245
AD. His name remains immortal wherever Sampradaya Bhajan is sung.
His works includes,
1. Gita Govindam, a magnumopus of musical extravaganza comprising of several songs and shlokas depicting the divine love between Radha and Madhav
2. Dasakritikrite, a poetic description of the 10 incarnations of Lord Vishnu